The urban fabric of Paris is heavily influenced by Haussmann, the prefect of the Seine. In the mid-ninteenth century, Napoleon III assigned Haussman as urban planner for Paris.
The reason for this large-scale plan is different (plumbing, military and show), but the main goal was to achieve breakthroughs through the slums and to reduce congestion. Haussmann's plan consisted three elements: solving the congestion in the center, the center linking the boulevards and the nearby train stations and the sail from main roads and intersections in areas outside the center.
As a result it gave Paris its distinctive look. The urban fabric of Paris express power and majesty as being the capital of France.